1/500 FLOOR PLANS
We started to analyse the site and first one was solid-void analyses and I saw that the site has a potential about the different height buildings. Another important thing was related with streets. In this location, the narrow streets are main things for people directions in neighborhoods. Than, I made an analyses about the typology of houses in this location and I saw that there are 3 types of housing in there but one of the main was ” row houses” which are surrounded with streets. Afer that, my main design decision was to protect side facades and creating a street which is combining Şişhane Park to Galata and it will act as an “Allé”.
After my researches, I decide on my themes which were Entertainment & visualism, architecture & urbanism, citizenship and cosmopolitanism so I focused of identities and their combinations in their living spaces, streets and neighborhoods. To be precise, I wanted to create a neighborhood which show these identities daily life activities.
About the typology of museum I can say that started with spatial isolated spaces than tried to made spatial combination of similar functions with the element of wall and finally I combined all functions on the ground level with the connections on the street.
In this lecture , our guest was electrical engineer from Yurdakul Mühendislik. In general, he talked about electrical engineer in practice and the relations between electrical systems and architectural spaces. The main purpose of this lecture is to explain to future architects what they will see in electrical engineering when they enter the team. In addition, he gave information about the fields of electrical engineers and architects working in interior installation of the building. First thing was about “high voltage”. High voltages are voltages higher than 1000 watts, where the energies of neighborhoods or streets are taken. High voltage lines are very dangerous and it may lead to fire or death. Another concept is low voltage which voltages below 1000 watts. Trafo or transformator is also called for the device that converts high voltage to low tension. Transformer centers are important and are now installed in buildings. However, he mentioned that all cables are open in the transformer rooms, so be careful when entering the transformer rooms. Transformer centers can be located in the basement or on the ground floor. In site-style homes, the transformers can also be located outside at a convenient location. Another issue is the generators which are devices that provide energy to the building during an energy interruption. However, ventilation should be provided in the spaces where the generators are located and measures must be taken to ensure sound insulation at the same time. The need for a generator varies from building to building. Another subject was about “Which room does an electrical engineer need in a building?”. The first is the high voltage room. The second is trafo room. However, doesn’t have to be in all buildings, it could be change building to building. The generator room is in almost all of the modern buildings. The others are uninterrupted power supply room, communication and system rooms. Finally, the floors should have electrical rooms and shafts. There are some rules of obligatory electricity rooms. First one is the doors of the chambers always open out because of work safety. Second one is no wet space is ever brought over the rooms. Lastly, any installation element can not continue in the electric room. Also, in houses, shopping malls, there are board rooms and in these rooms there are insurance panels. At the end of the lecture, he talked about the main things for the architecture like one of the important issues should be the silencer in the generators and the rooms for generator should be sound insulated and another significant thing is about the raised floor, it should be raised almost 10-15 cm.
To be precise, this lecture was very useful to understand the relation between different departmental relations and we learned that these technical information are necessary when we make design, especially in the large-scale projects.
In that lecture, our guest was mechanical engineer, Mehmet Okutan from Okutan Mühendislik. This class was continued like conversation that is related with our future plan in our own career. First of all, he asked to us, “what do you think about your future plan, do you want to work in a big firm or local areas?” and I learned that many of us was actually thinking the same as me and we want to work in local architectural offices because of learning and developing ourselves but in that point, our guest talked about the advantages and disadvantages of working in local offices and also he mentioned about the same evaluations for the big firms. For instance, he mentioned that it is a good thing to be a small member of big companies or it is also nice to follow all the details from the beginning to the end in small offices. A friend talked about the fact that big companies were not involved in the design process and that things were done very quickly and that they were not stuck in detail. On top of that, he talked about the concept of time is very important and the speed is often compulsory.
Then he talked about how these kinds of things were carried out in abroad. Summarizes there, each employee can be dominated by different branches, you do not have to stay plugged in to a single issue, such as the Turkey. The main thing is that the firm is small, or if it is big, its main purpose is to produce a good product. At the end of this class, He talked about some kind of big firms and their working styles like Zaha Hadid and her theme and in that big companies, everything is spoken from facades of the building to the doors’ arms so mainly it’s more about falling down and how much detail you want to work on. However, in today works in Turkey, it is about being faster.
To be precise, this conversation was very useful actually because we can draw our own way in the future with the information we receive from here so special thanks to Mehmet Okutan fort his lecture.
In that lecture, our guest was Cem Altınöz from Öncüoğlu Mimarlık Şehircilik ve Tic. Ltd. Şti. In general, he talked about the implementation processes of the projects made in big firms and what kind of departments that was involved with in these processes.
First of all, he talked about the most basic difficulty experienced in large-scale projects, being more disciplined because these large-scale projects contain more than one area, and each of these areas becomes a consulting firm. However, when the project is opened and each profession group is interested in its own field, the architect has to master all the fields. In that situation, we can explain the concept of the consultant in this way that he is the one who is trusted to his knowledge when necessary and they are different from engineers. The fields we mainly work with in design; landscape, interior architecture and in engineering; static, electrical, mechanical, if necessary infrastructure and at the end of business; exploration and quantitative items but according to business size, these areas become more complex. In addition he talked about as the number of decision makers increases and fields become more complex, working time increases, delivery deadlines are delayed and design process is extended because it is very difficult to progress with approval from each departments. It is easier for him to design the building than to deal with so many people. Also, he explained the subfields by giving examples from several sections such as fire counseling, sound insulation counseling. Often the information takes from the consultants is useful, but the architect decides the final decision. From his information, we can classify the general qualifications of the consultants, limiting the cost of the work being done or giving the product information to be produced, and even making some tests in the building at the required time. The fact that many areas have a say in the construction of the project also affects the economic situation at the same time. For instance, when you start the project, sometimes there can be serious differences between the fixed budget you have in hand and the amount spent when you are done. At the end of the work, the name of each locale must be written individually and a realistic cost account must be made in the part of the discovery and the quantity. As an extra, the list of drawings was mentioned by him. At the end of the lecture, he explained that they have been working with passive building consultants for the past year and that they have progressed more systematically.
I think it is a very fruitful lesson in terms of understanding the workings of large-scale projects.
In that lesson, our main topic was related with the practical life for architects and our guest was Ziya İmren who is the founder of Ziya İmren Architects, “ZIA”. Generally, he talked about their own experiences about the practical life and he started from their graduation to nowadays. First of all, he mentioned about some competitions like mosque competition and it’s importance for him which is related with financial reasons because he had just graduated so one and only financial income was came from these competitions. He mentioned this mosque competition and it opened in America and the price of this competition was big, he said. After this competition, he joined the other which was housing projects in Russia. However in that time, they were preparing more than one competition at the same time so that the time management is also important issue as I understand from him. Another competition was opened in Adana, Çukurova and it was a municipal building and in that time he talked about some disadvantages about this project in terms of the environment because many trees had to be destroyed for this project. Another competition was opened in Gelibolu and the concept of this Project was related with the historical museum. In that time he mentioned about the programs which were decided from the chambers of these competitions and he talked about almost 40.000 m2 areas so that it consists of intensive programs. In addition, he talked about some king of commercial concerns and rant in relation with the government. Also, he talked about some struggle about the competitions. For instance, if the information about the site is not enough or the participants of the competition are too much , you have to think really different and should found some kind of interesting design decisions to win, he said. Another factor about in competitions are related with the jury ideas. He mentioned that if the jury members do not like anything, they do not see the good things you will do but all these things are also experience for the other competitions. Toward the end of the presentation, he told the secret to winning the competition and which is related with to believe and working hard.
First of all, our lecturers gave us 12 themes to create our concepts for museum project which were ;
- Architecture & Urbanism
- Production & Industrialization
- Trade & Capitalism
- Citizenship & Cosmopolitanism
- Imagination & Utopia
- Entertainment & Visuality
- Travel & Tourism
- Mobilization & Colonization
- War & Immigration
- Fairs & Museums
- Arts & Crafts
- State & Politics
To select 3 themes to create museum concept firstly, I focused on the historical information for 19th century in İstanbul. Before the 19th century in Ottoman Empire, different religious-sect groups formed their own cultures in separate neighborhoods, and in this case it caused the creation of “indoors closed spaces”. When we came to 19th century, with the proclamation of the Tanzimat, a large part of the settlement restrictions were left and the boundaries of everyday life outside the neighborhood scale. As a result of this situation, the Muslim population moved to the Galata-Pera region where the non-Muslims settled, with an excessive increase in population in the inner city area between the Marmara and Haliç , so that the cultural content of daily life gained a “multi-centered image”. The contribution of these different citizen groups trade contributions’ was enormous and this effect brings about radical changes in “urbanization” in the 19th century. The most radical changes in urbanization are the proliferation of transport lines, such as train lines, ferry lines and bridges. Due to the worsening of the economic situation of the Ottoman Empire, the state of political, economic and social sense has been inspired by the West so that daily life and cultural formations in Istanbul have begun to change completely. We understand the effects of this change mostly from the “city’s architecture”. Architectural influences allow the city to change its silhouette. Along with the changes experienced in the architecture, the Galata-Pera region in the 19th century is mostly a café, restaurant and “entertainment center”. This “mobility”, caused by going from one place to another, caused different ways of life to appear in different places.
To be precise all these, I choose the themes of ;
- Citizenships & Cosmopolitanism
- Architecture & Urbanism
- Entertainment & Visuality
The cosmopolitanism of İstanbul in 19th century effected many things and urbanism & architecture was one of them. The changes in architecture also affected the life style in terms of culture and entertainment ,especially in Galata-Pera.